QuoteReplyTopic: Most beautiful month in the year Posted: Jul 07 2013 at 4:38am
Each year, Islamic and Arab nation
And Muslims all over the world to the health and happiness
allah says in the Holy Qur'an
185. The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for
mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and
wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month
(of Ramadan ie is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that
month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [ of days which one
did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allah intends
for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants
that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify
Allah [ie to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the
crescent of the months of Ramadan and Shawwal] for having guided you so that
you may be grateful to Him.
Muslims spend the ninth month of the Islamic calendar observing a
community-wide fast. The annual fast of Ramadan is considered one of the five
"pillars" of Islam. Muslims who are physically able are required to
fast each day of the entire month, from sunrise to sunset. The evenings are
spent enjoying family and community meals, engaging in prayer and spiritual
reflection, and reading from the Qu'ran.
Aside from the five-times-daily prayer, fasting during the month of Ramadan is
the most visible and recognizable of Muslim acts the world over. During the
30-odd days of Ramadan, Muslims are required to fast during daylight hours,
drinks included, and abstain from bodily pleasures like sex or other forms of
sensual abandon. The focus is on humility, spiritual oneness with God and
social oneness with the umma, or Islamic community, across the globe.
Fasting in Islam has its origins in Judaism, Christianity and the pre-Islamic
Arab world. Although Ramadan is when Muslims fast most, they may fast
voluntarily the rest of the year, or fast three days a month, or six days
during the month of Sawwal, which follows the month of Ramadan, or fast on
Mondays and Thursdays. Each of these proscriptions is recognized in Islam.
prophet Muhammad peace be upon him once said, "If one does not abandon
falsehood in words and deeds, Allah has no need for his abandoning of food and
drink." It is therefore imperative that the fasting person not only
refrains from food and drink, but also from foul speech, lying, arguing, and
Muslims are called upon to use this month to re-evaluate their lives in light
of Islamic guidance. We are to make peace with those who have wronged us,
strengthen ties with family and friends, do away with bad habits - essentially
to clean up our lives, our thoughts, and our feelings. The Arabic word for
"fasting" (sawm) literally means "to refrain" - and it
means not only refraining from food and drink, but from evil actions, thoughts,
During Ramadan, every part of the body must be restrained. The tongue must be
restrained from backbiting and gossip. The eyes must restrain themselves from
looking at unlawful things. The hand must not touch or take anything that does
not belong to it. The ears must refrain from listening to idle talk or obscene
words. The feet must refrain from going to sinful places. In such a way, every
part of the body observes the fast.
During the fast, Muslims experience hunger and thirst and learn to sympathize
with those in the world who have little to eat. They come to appreciate the
blessings that Allah grants them. Through increased charity during the month,
Muslims develop feelings of generosity and goodwill toward others. And since
all Muslims in the world are undergoing the same experience at the same time,
this practice strengthens community bonds throughout the Muslim world.
The Qur'an commands as follows: "Ramadan is the month in which the Qur'an
was sent down, as a guide to mankind, and clear signs for guidance and judgment
between right and wrong. So every one of you who is present at his home during
that month should spend it in fasting. But if anyone is ill, or on a journey,
the prescribed period should be made up by days later "(Qur'an 2:185).
Therefore, every Muslim is required to fast, with the following exceptions:
Those who are suffering from a temporary illness
The elderly or chronically ill
Women in menses or postchildbirth bleeding
Pregnant or nursing women
Children who have not yet reached adolescence
If possible, missed days are to be made up at a later time. If the reason for
exception is long-term, then the missed days may be compensated for by giving
in charity enough to feed one poor person for each day of fasting.
Children are not required to fast until they reach puberty. However, many
children like to join in the activities of the family and try to fast for a day
or part of a day. Sometimes they will fast on the weekends, for example, or
will fast from noon until sunset. This is encouraged as practice for the day
when fasting will be incumbent upon them.
On a day of fasting, Muslims rise before dawn for an early meal called suhoor.
This light meal is intended to nourish the body through the rigorous daylong
fast. The fast begins with the predawn call to prayer. Muslims continue through
their daily lives of work, school, or other commitments, conscious of the
limitations of fasting, and striving to be on their best behavior. Muslims
continue to observe the daily prayers as usual and often spend part of the day
reading chapters of the Qur'an.
As sunset approaches, Muslims often gather together as family or community to
break the fast and enjoy a meal together at the end of the day. Muslims break
their fast just as the call to prayer for the sunset prayer is heard. Following
the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad, Muslims often break their fast by eating
dates and drinking some milk. After the sunset prayers, they sit down together
for an evening meal called fitoor (technically, "breakfast").
In the evening, Muslims gather at the mosque for special prayers called
taraweeh. These extra prayers are offered each night of Ramadan. Every evening,
a section of the Qur'an will be read in a long prayer, so that by the end of
the month the entire Qur'an will have been heard. Muslims also spend time
visiting with friends and relatives before retiring for the night to rest
before starting the fast again the next day.
"Verily! We have sent it (this Quran)
down in the night of Al-Qadr.
what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is?
night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months
descend the angels and the Ruh (Gabriel) by Allah's Permission with all Decrees,
until the appearance of dawn (97:1-5)
HADITH ON FASTING
Huraira related that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
Whoever fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeking his reward from Allah will
have his past sins forgiven. Whoever prays during the nights in Ramadan with
faith and seeking his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven. And
he who passes Lailat al-Qadr in prayer with faith and seeking his reward from
Allah will have his past sins forgiven (Bukhari, Muslim).
Huraira related that Rasulullah said: If anyone omits his fast even for one day
in Ramadan without a concession or without being ill, then if he were to fast
for the rest of his life he could not make up for it (Bukhari).
Huraira related that the Prophet said: Allah the Majestic and Exalted said:
"Every deed of man will receive ten to 700 times reward, except Siyam
(fasting), for it is for Me and I shall reward it (as I like). There are two
occasions of joy for one who fasts: one when he breaks the fast and the other
when he will meet his Lord" (Muslim).
Huraira related that Rasulullah said: Many people who fast get nothing from
their fast except hunger and thirst, and many people who pray at night get
nothing from it except wakefulness (Darimi).
Muslims observe Ramadan in places where the sun
Islamic holy month of Ramadan begins at the sighting of the new moon in the
ninth month of the lunar calendar. During Ramadan (which starts on July 9th
this year) observant Muslims around the world abstain from food and drink
between sunrise and sunset. Because it follows the lunar calendar, Ramadan
shifts by 11 days a year in relation to the Gregorian calendar. In some places,
like Saudi Arabia,
that makes little difference to the number of hours a day Muslims must fast.
But what happens in northern countries where there can be up to 24 hours of
darkness or light, depending on the time of year? What about in Antarctica, where periods of continuous daylight and
continuous darkness last several months? How do Muslims observe Ramadan in
places where the sun does not set?
question has become more pressing as Muslims have ventured further afield from
their original Arabian homeland, where the shortest day of the year lasts for
around 12 hours and the longest for about 15. Islamic scholars have proffered
various solutions. The strictest interpretation of the Koran, Saudi Arabia’s
Council of Senior Scholars, maintains that one must always observe local
timings as long as night is distinguishable from day, even if that means
fasting for more than 23 hours a day in the summer and for just a few hours
during the winter. (The photo shows Kaltouma Abakar, a refugee from Sudan's Darfur province, breaking her fast
during the four-hour night in Rovaniemi, a city in northern Finland.) In
those places where the sun does not set at all, one must observe the times of
the nearest place where it does.
other scholars argue that this makes for confusion over which city to follow,
and that it is anyway unreasonable and not in the spirit of Islam to require
people to fast for such long periods. Al Azhar Mosque in Cairo, one of the world’s most respected
Islamic institutes, has ruled that Muslims should not fast for more than 18
hours a day. “We are not supposed to starve to death,” says Salman Tamimi, head
of the Muslim Association of Iceland. Some communities, like the 1,000 or so
Icelandic Muslims, therefore follow a fatwa (Islamic ruling) which recommends
observing the fast times of the 45th parallel. Others, in Alaska
and Sweden for example,
instead observe the times of Mecca,
since that is the place to which the Koran’s verses originally referred, a
ruling backed by the European Council of Fatwa and Research. Yet another group
of scholars suggests fasting for 12 hours irrespective of the time of year,
because an average day offers 12 hours of sunlight.
what of observing Ramadan from low-earth orbit, where each period of daylight
lasts just 45 minutes? In 2007, when Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, a Malaysian
astronaut, became the first observant Muslim to go into space during Ramadan,
Malaysia’s government published a 20-page booklet of guidelines, confirming
that astronauts should follow the same prayer and fasting times as the location
from which their spacecraft lifted off—in this case, the Baikonur launch pad.
“There is no monolithic standard,” says Imam Abdullah Hasan of the Neeli mosque
in Greater Manchester, Britain. “The beauty of Islam is its flexibility.”
first pillar is recitation of the creed: "There is no God but Allah, and
Muhammed is his prophet." It is commonly held that to recite this creed in
the presence of two witnesses is to constitute oneself a Muslim--one in submission
to God. Of course, the word Islam simply means "submission."
second pillar is the regular practice of prayers. Sunni Muslims are required to
recite specific prayers accompanied by prescribed motions five times daily.
(Shi'ites do so only three times a day.) All male Muslims are also enjoined to
meet for community prayer (and sermon) each Friday at noon.
third pillar is almsgiving. Born an orphan himself, Muhammed was deeply
concerned for the needy. The Koran requires that 2.5% of one's income be given
to the poor or to the spread of Islam.
fourth pillar of Islam is the fast during the month of Ramadan (the ninth lunar
month of the Muslim calendar, during which Muhammed is said to have received
the first of his revelations from God, and during which he and his followers
made their historic trek from Mecca to Medina). During this
month, Muslims in good health are required to forego all food and liquid during
daylight hours. This fast promotes the Muslim's self-discipline, dependence on
Allah, and compassion for the needy.
fifth pillar is the Hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca.
If possible, every Muslim is to make a pilgrimage to Mecca once during his life. It can be made
properly only on a few days during the last month of the Muslim year. The Hajj
promotes the ideas of worldwide unity and equality among Muslims. But it also
contains many elements of prescribed activity that are of pagan origin.
sixth pillar, that of jihad, is often added. (The term means
"exertion" or "struggle" in behalf of God.) Jihad is the
means by which those who are outside the household of Islam are brought into
its fold. Jihad may be by persuasion, or it may be by force or "holy
war." The fact that any Muslim who dies in a holy war is assured his place
in paradise provides strong incentive for participation!
around the world look to these pillars for guidance in shaping their religious
practice. But in addition to these pillars, there are numerous laws and
traditions contained in the Hadith-- literature that was compiled after the
completion of the Koran, that reportedly contains the example and statements of
Muhammed on many topics. Because the laws of the Hadith and Koran cover
virtually every area of life, Islam has well been referred to as an
all-encompassing way of life, as well as a religion.
• wet dream during fasting does not break
the fast, the lack of willful intent and agreement of the scholars.
• It got him to vomit without choosing
him when he was fasting, but did not break his fast, his fast is valid for
saying peace be upon him: (from help vomiting - the drop and oppression - do
not eliminate it).
• What is included in the throat without
the choice of dust or flies, and other things that can not be avoided, it does
not invalidate the fast, the lack of intent. Did not mean that the unthinking,
heedless, and is costly to the verse: God Punish us not if we forget or fall.
And saying peace be upon him: (pardoned for my error and what they forget it).
• bleeding from unintentionally:bleeding and the wound, and so on, does not
break the fast, does not invalidate the fast, the lack of choice.
• from eating or drinking by mistake
meaning it to him, for saying peace be upon him: (pardoned for my error and
what they forget it). And saying peace be upon him: (forgets that he is fasting
and eats or drinks, let him complete his fast for it is fed and drink).
• Shaka from eating at dawn his fast is
valid, do not eliminate it, because the basic survival of the night.
• It became the side of a wet dream or
intercourse, and fed him the time, it is fast and may delay the ghusl until
after the fast, and dawn, and his fast is not it properly spent. What is in the
correct: that the Prophet (peace be upon him was becoming side of intercourse,
then washed and fast). In Saheeh Muslim,
You cannot post new topics in this forum You cannot reply to topics in this forum You cannot delete your posts in this forum You cannot edit your posts in this forum You cannot create polls in this forum You cannot vote in polls in this forum