1) Maya Angelou’s actual name was Marguerite Ann Johnson and her brother, Bailey Jr., actually nicknamed her “Maya.”
2) The very regal Ms. Angelou was actually a descendant from the Mende people of Sierra Leone of West Africa.
3) After being sexually abused and raped by her mother’s boyfriend, Freeman,
the shock made Maya mute and she and Bailey Jr. were sent to live with
her grandmother. Angelou told Bailey what had taken place and he told
the family. Freeman was arrested but served only one day in jail for
what he did to Angelou. Four days after Freeman’s release, he was found
dead — apparently murdered but it was never proven. There are rumors
that Angelou’s uncles sought revenge.
4) The literary icon gives her high school teacher Bertha Flowers
credit for helping her to speak again after five years of silence and
for igniting her interest in literature. Angelou once stated that
the period of silence actually allowed her to absorb her surroundings
5) Angelou was just a teen when she dropped out of high school. She wound up securing a job as San Francisco’s first African-American female cable car conductor.
6) After giving high school another try, Angelou got pregnant and graduated a few weeks before giving birth to her only child, Guy.
7) Despite all of the racial taboos of the time, Angelou dared to marry Greek sailor Enistasious”Tosh” Angelos in 1951, but after four years, the union faded into black.
8) When Angelou began her nightclub career as a
calypso singer and dancer around San Francisco, she dropped her birth
name and took on the name Maya Angelou. She even met and teamed up with dance legend Alvin Ailey to form the modern dance performing duo of “Al and Rita.” The pair never hit it big, so they decided to go their separate ways.
9) In 1957, Angelou actually recorded
an album, “Miss Calypso.” Two years later, she performed in an
off-Broadway review that inspired the film “Calypso Heat Wave,” where
she sang and performed her own compositions.
10) In 1959, Angelou met novelist James O. Killens, the spiritual Father of the Black Arts Movement
of the 1960s, who inspired a subsequent generation of African Americans
through writings charged with strong social and political messages.
Killens, who was the founding chairman of the Harlem Writers Guild,
actually prodded Angelou to pursue writing and join the guild, where she hobnobbed with such luminaries as Paule Marshall, John Henrik Clarke, and Rosa Guy.
11) After hearing civil rights icon Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. speak at a civil rights gathering, she and Killens organized Cabaret for Freedom to benefit the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The political move earned Angelou the title of SCLC’s northern coordinator.
12) Angelou made the decision to relocate to Cairo, Egypt, in 1961, where she took on a job as an associate editor for a weekly English language newspaper.
13) In 1962, Angelou moved
to Accra, Ghana, where she wound up living there five years while Guy, a
college student, recuperated from a very serious auto accident. While
in Accra, Angelou worked as an administrator at the University of Ghana
and freelanced for various publications there.
14) The year 1965 brought about turbulent changes as
far as civil rights was concerned in the United States and Angelou was
front and center. She met Malcolm X (pictured) while he visited Ghana and decided to accompany him back to the States to help him build his expanding Organization of Afro-American Unity. Malcolm was murdered not long after Angelou joined him in his civil rights efforts.
15) Dr. King called upon Angelou to spearhead a march
in 1968, but as fate would have it, he was assassinated on March 4th,
the day of her 40th birthday. Angelou chose not to celebrate her
birthday for years after Dr. Kings death as the memories were too
painful for her. Instead, on her birthday, Angelou would send flowers every year to King’s widow, Coretta Scott, and recite a birthday prayer for the country.
16) Angelou never went to college, but she preferred that folks outside her intimate circle of friends and family refer to her as “Dr.”
17) Angelou’s writing ritual
involved having a yellow legal pad while lying in bed with a bottle of
sherry, a thesaurus, the Bible, and playing solitaire when she ran out
18) Since the 1980s, Angelou has kept extremely busy by participating in the lecture circuit.
19) Angelou’s list of
awards are mind-numbing: a Pulitzer Prize nomination for her book of
poetry “Just Give Me A Cool Drink Of Water ‘fore I Diiie,” a nomination
for a Tony Award for her role in the 1973 play “Look Away,” and three
Grammys for her spoken word albums. In addition to her many accolades by
universities, colleges, literary organizations, government agencies,
and special interest groups, Angelou also received the National Medal of
Arts in 2000, the Lincoln Medal in 2008, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2011. Angelou also managed to secure under her belt more than 30 honorary degrees.
20) Angelou’s favorite word in the English language was joy.
Whenever she signed her books, — she authored 31 of them, including
poetry, children’s books and a cookbook — she added the word “joy“!
Angelou was in awe of all that she had accomplished in her 86 years on
this earth and always spoke about the life she led in quiet