Jerry John Rawlings was born in Accra, Gold Coast on 22 June 1947, to Victoria Agbotui, an Ewe woman born in 1910 in Dzelukope near Keta in what is now the Volta Region of Ghana and James Ramsey John, a chemist born in 1907 in Castle Douglas in South West Scotland.
Rawlings is married to Nana Konadu Agyeman. Rawlings has three daughters: Ezenator Rawlings, Yaa Asantewaa Rawlings, Amina Rawlings; and one son, Kimathi Rawlings. Military career
In March 1968, Jerry John Rawlings traveled to Sekondi-Takoradi in Ghana to study as a pilot officer. He graduated in January 1969, and was commissioned a pilot officer, winning the coveted "Speed Bird Trophy" as the best cadet in flying and airmanship. He earned the rank of flight lieutenant in April 1978.
On 28 May 1979, Rawlings, together with six other soldiers were arrested, by the Ghanaian Militia for a coup attempt on the government of General Fred Akuffo, and Rawlings appeared before a General Court Martial, charged with leading a squad of soldiers on 15 May 1979.
While awaiting his execution, Rawlings was sprung from custody on 4 June 1979 by a group of soldiers. He led the insurgent that ousted the Supreme Military Council from office with Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC). On the night of 4 June, lives were lost in both the forces fighting against the military government and those fighting on the side of the insurgency. As one of his first acts in power, Rawlings signed the orders for the execution of a former military president of Ghana who was later executed: Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, and Air Vice-Marshal Yaw Boakye. Four other generals—Kotei, Joy Amedume, Roger Felli, and Utuka—were also put to death. Rawlings has never denied responsibility for this.
Field Marshal Jerry John RawlingsThe AFRC, under the Military Marshal of Rawlings, carried out, what Rawlings described as a much wider "house-cleaning exercise". Meanwhile, following a programme already set in motion before the 4 June insurgency. On 24 September 1979, the AFRC military allowed the governing of the People's National Party (PNP) under Hilla Limann.
The killings of the Supreme Court justices (Cecilia Koranteng Addo, Frederick Sarkodie, and Kwadjo Agyei Agyepong), military officers Major Sam Acquah and Major Dasana Nantogmah and the killings and disappearance of over 300 other Ghanaians occurred in his time in Ghana's history.
Limann's administration was cut short on 31 December 1981, when Rawlings deposed him in another coup. The Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC), composed of both civilian soldiers and mercenary soldiers, was established with Rawlings as the air marshal and field marshal. The PNDC, led by Marshal and Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings began the process of what Rawlings said to be a decentralisation.
Edited by afrokock - Feb 08 2013 at 3:43am